In this study, the adsorption capacity of toxic and recalcitrant organic pollutant(s) Remazol Brilliant Blue R (RBBR) onto the invader Xanthium İtalicum (XI) plant was assessed using the Response Surface Method (RSM). The adsorp-tion behavior of RBBR was determined by the spectrophotometric method, FTIR and SEM analysis were used to characterize XI, Brunauer, the Emmett and Teller (BET) analysis was accomplished to find the surface area of the ad-sorbent. The experiment procedures were planned by the Central Composite Design (CCD) whereby a model was built to examine the effects of the different parameters and the possible interaction between them. The correlation factor (R2) for the developed model was 0.985, suggesting that the model could achieve 98.5% of RBBR removal through an adsorption process. The desirability of 0.992 can be attained using the identified optimum conditions: XI = 3g, pH = 9, Time = 84min, RBBR = 50ppm. Under these conditions, the adsorption capacity reached 1.59 mg.g-1, and the removal percentage reached 95%. Freundlich isotherm had the best-fitted values with R2 of 0.999. Furthermore, the adsorption of RBBR onto XI was found to be pseudo-second-order kinetic with R2=0.999. Also, the recovery of RBBR from XI was studied through desorption experiments in presents of 0.5M NaOH. The recovery percentage after 120 min reached 47%. The maximum recovery percentage reached 73% at 24h.
SALEH, Mohammed; YALVAÇ, MUTLU; and Arslan, Hüdaverdi
"Optimization of Remazol Brilliant Blue R Adsorption onto Xanthium Italicum using the Response Surface Method,"
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science: Vol. 5
, Article 8.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.