Author Guidelines



Karbala International Journal of Modern Science (KIJOMS) is an official refereed publication of University of Kerbala. KIJOMS is an open-access, interdisciplinary, and single-blind peer-reviewed journal consolidating research activities in all experimental and theoretical aspects of modern sciences. It is dedicated to the latest advancement in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Computer Science, and their related subfields. The journal aims to make significant contributions to applied research and knowledge across the globe through the publication of original high-quality research papers and review articles in the frontier achievements across the aforementioned interdisciplinary range of topic areas.

Before Submission

Please make sure that your manuscript meets the below criteria:

  1. Your manuscript is an original work and has not been published or is currently under review with another journal or Conference Proceedings.
  2. Your work meets all the Research Ethics of KIJOMS. The manuscript should contain a separate section of "Ethics Approval" if the work involves human or animal subjects.
  3. The English of the manuscript is acceptable and it should be free of grammatical and spelling errors.
  4. The manuscript should be edited according to the KIJOMS template (Manuscript Template).
  5. Your figures are of acceptable quality and uploaded as separate files.
  6. Your references are formatted correctly and numbered as they appear in the text. Please show the reference style of KIJOMS below.
  7. Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims & scope of the journal will be reviewed.
  8. Manuscripts must conform to the guidelines of KIJOMS shown below.

Submissions that don't adhere to these guidelines will be rejected or returned to the Author prior to the peer review process.

Editorial Manager

This journal uses Editorial Manager to peer review manuscript submissions. Please read the guide for Editorial Manager authors before making a submission. Complete guidelines for preparing and submitting your manuscript to this journal are provided below.


Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Before submission, please ensure that your manuscript is understandable and free of grammatical or spelling errors.

Articles Types

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science (KIJOMS) publishes original and unpublished research articles and state-of-the-art papers. It seeks original research efforts based on theoretical or experimental work that fills the gap in current knowledge. The journal accepts and publishes the following article types:

  1. Original Study

  2. An article introducing original research, including theoretical exposition, extensive data, and in-depth critical evaluation.

  3. Review Article

  4. A review article, sometimes also called state of the art, is an article that summarizes the current state of understanding on a topic comprehensively. It analyzes or discusses research previously published by others. It should include a critical evaluation of existing data, defined topics or emerging fields of investigation, or critical issues of concern.

Submission Checklist

You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details. One author should be designated as the corresponding author with contact details (E-mail address and full postal address).

  1. Manuscript

    • All manuscript files have been uploaded.
    • The manuscript file contains all essential sections (the order can vary): Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Ethics Approval (if the work involves the use of human or animal subjects), Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions,Conflicts of Interest, Acknowledgements.
    • The manuscript title is short and informative.
    • Author names and affiliations have been provided.
    • The abstract can be read as stand-alone text and does not exceed 250 words.
    • All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa.The references should be edited according to the KIJOMS style.
    • The manuscript has been checked for spelling and grammar.
    • All figures (include relevant captions).
    • All tables (including titles, descriptions, and footnotes).
    • Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided.
    • Indicate clearly if color should be used for any figures in print.
  2. Author Agreement (should be signed by all authors)

  3. Supplemental files(where applicable)

  4. Further considerations

    • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).
    • A competing interest statement is provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare.
    • Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed.
    • Referee suggestions and contact details were provided, based on journal requirements.
    • Acknowledgments in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title, or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance,proofreading the article, etc.).


  • All articles to be considered for publication in the Karbala International Journal of Modern Science should be submitted electronically to the journal's online submission system (Editorial Manager).
  • You must proofread your manuscript before submission to check for spelling and grammatical errors. During submission, please choose the most suitable category (article type) for your paper. The manuscript should be in standard MS word document format only, and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files.
  • You will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. The system automatically converts source files to a single Adobe Acrobat PDF version of the article, which is used in the peer-review process.
  • All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail and via the author's homepage, removing the need for a hard-copy paper trail.

Manuscript Preparation

  • Manuscripts should be divided into clearly defined and numbered sections as appropriate. Principal sections should be numbered consecutively (1. Introduction, 2. Materials, and Methods, etc.) and subsections should be numbered 1.1., 1.2., etc. Do not number References sections. A technical check is done on your manuscript so that the layout, sections, and cover letter are all correct. The cover letter should state that your work is authentic and is not currently submitted or reviewed or published in any other journal.
  • All authors who report experiments on humans or animals are required to give assurance in the “Ethics Approval” section that the humans and animals were treated in accordance with the guidelines of the local ethics committee; the approval reference number should be included where relevant.
  • You are required to send us 4 international reviewers (not from your home country) within the same field of your manuscript.

Manuscript Template Guide

  • Please review our Manuscript Template to use as a guide.
  • The file must be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in double-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use boldface, italics, subscripts, superscripts, etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts. Note that source files of figures, tables, and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text. See also the section on Electronic artwork.
  • To avoid unnecessary errors, you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.

Article Structure

Your paper should be compiled in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text introduction, ethics approval, materials and methods, results, discussion; acknowledgments; declaration of interest statement; references; appendices (as appropriate); table(s) with caption(s) (on individual pages); figures; figure captions (as a list).

Title page: The title should be concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. All authors of a manuscript should include their full name and affiliation on the cover page of the manuscript. Where available, please also include ORCiDs. One author will need to be identified as the corresponding author, with his email address normally displayed in the article PDF and the online article. Authors' affiliations are the affiliations where the research was conducted. If any of the named co-authors moves affiliation during the peer-review process, the new affiliation can be given as a footnote. Please note that no changes to affiliation can be made after your paper is accepted.

Abstract: The abstract of about 150-250 words should outline the objective, method and main results, and conclusion. It should be informative, without descriptive words or citations. Together with the title, the abstract must be adequate as an index to all the subjects treated in the paper and will be used as a base for indexing.

Keywords: Please provide 5 to 8 keywords that can describe the manuscript for indexing.

Introduction: Provide background that allows readers outside the discipline to understand the significance of the study. Include a brief review of important literature in the relevant field.

Material and methods: Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized and indicated by a reference.

Theory/calculation: A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lays the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.

Results and Discussion: Results should be clear and concise. Discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

Conclusions: A short and concise conclusion for the investigation should be included. Repetition of results and discussion should be avoided!

Acknowledgments: This is for the authors to express their gratitude to those who have helped during theirresearch. Information concerning funding organizations (including the grant numbers) for the reported research is also usually provided here. The names of fundingorganizations should be written in full.

Disclosure statement: This is to acknowledge any financial or non-financial interest that has arisen from the direct applications of your research. If there are no relevant competing interests to declare please state this within the article, for example, The authors report there are no competing interests to declare.

Supplemental online material: Supplemental material can be a video, dataset, fileset, sound file, or anything which supports your paper.

Figures: Figures should be high quality (1200 dpi for line art, 600 dpi for grayscale, and 300 dpi for color, at the correct size). Figures should be supplied in one of our preferred file formats: EPS, PS, JPEG, TIFF, or Microsoft Word (DOC or DOCX) files are acceptable for figures that have been drawn in Word.

Tables: Tables should present new information rather than duplicating what is in the text. Readers should be able to interpret the table without reference to the text. Please supply editable files.

Equations: If you are submitting your manuscript as a Word document, please ensure that the equations are editable. Units. Please use SI units (non-italicized).

References: The references should number citations consecutively within brackets [1]. The sentence punctuation follows the bracket [2]. Refer simply to the reference number, as in [3]—do not use "Ref. [3]" or "reference [3]" except at the beginning of a sentence: "Reference [3] was the first ..."

Please give all authors' names; do not use "et al.". Papers that have not been published, even if they have been submitted for publication, should be cited as "unpublished". Papers that have been accepted for publication should be cited as "in press". Capitalize each word in a paper title, except for function words and element symbols.

Reference a journal article:

[1] A. Ren, K. R. Rajashankar, D. J. Patel, Fluoride ion encapsulation by Mg2+ ions and phosphates in a fluoride riboswitch, Nature. 486 (2012) 85–89. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11152

Reference to an authored book:

[2] J. A. C. Broekaert, Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1002/3527606653

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

[3] E. Bodo, V. Migliorati, Theoretical Description of Ionic Liquids, in: R. Caminiti, L. Gontrani (Eds.), The Structure of Ionic Liquids, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 127–148. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-01698-6_5

Reference to a Thesis or Dissertation:

[4] K. J. Bratton, Modeling and Control of Heterogeneous Tumors Under Chemotherapy, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2014.

Revised Submission

When you revise your manuscript, upload your revised submissions including the following files:

  • Revised manuscript:

    Clarifying the changes you have made since the original submission by using the "Track Changes" option in Microsoft Word. Upload this as a "Revised Article with Changes Highlighted" file.
  • Response to reviewers:

    Type the specific points made by each reviewer. Include your responses to all the reviewers' and editors' comments and list the changes you have made to the manuscript. Upload this document as a "Response to reviewers" file.
  • Revised manuscript (clean copy):

    Upload a clean copy of your revised manuscript with names, which does not show your changes. Upload this as your "Manuscript" file.

Peer Review and Ethics

Peer Review Process: Karbala International Journal of Modern Science is devoted to peer-review integrity with the highest standards of review. Each received manuscript is initially evaluated for suitability to the journal by the editor. Manuscripts are rejected by the editors if they are insufficiently original, have serious scientific flaws, need extensive improvement in the language, or do not fall within the aims and scope of the journal. Manuscripts deemed suitable are sent to a minimum of two external peer reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. This journal operates a single-blind review process (the names and information of the reviewers are hidden from the author). Editors will make a decision based on the reviewers’ reports and authors are sent these reports along with the editorial decision on their manuscript. Authors should note that even in light of one positive report, concerns raised by another reviewer may fundamentally undermine the study and result in the manuscript being rejected.

Ethics in Publishing

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method.Your study must meet all ethical requirements as outlined in our Publication Ethics. If the manuscript does not pass these ethical requirements we may return it to you for further revisions, or decline consideration of your study for publication.

Submission Declaration and Verification

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, a published lecture, or an academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright holder. To verify originality, all manuscripts submitted to KIJOMS are screened using Crossref Similarity Check Powered by iThenticate to identify any plagiarized content.


Plagiarism in any form constitutes a serious violation of publication ethics and is not acceptable. Plagiarism is defined as ‘using someone else’s ideas, words, data, or other material produced by them without acknowledgment’. Even if a citation is given, if quotation marks are not placed around words taken directly from other authors’ work, the author is still guilty of plagiarism. Reuse of the author’s own previously published words, with or without a citation, is regarded as self-plagiarism. All manuscripts received are submitted to iThenticate®, a sophisticated plagiarism-checking system, which compares the content of the manuscript with a vast database of web pages and academic publications. Manuscripts judged to be plagiarized or self-plagiarized, based on the iThenticate® report or any other source of information, will not be considered for publication. Open-access theses are considered as published works and they are included in the similarity checks. Submissions containing plagiarism in whole or part, duplicate, and redundant publication or self-plagiarism will be rejected.

Changes to Authorship

Authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors at submission. Changes of authorship by adding or deleting authors, and/or changes in Corresponding Author, and/or changes in the sequence of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript. Adding and/or deleting authors at the revision stage is generally not permitted, but in some cases, it may be warranted. The reasons for these changes in authorship should be explained. Approval of the change during revision is at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. To request such a change, the Editor-in-Chief must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in the author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of the addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.

If author affiliation changes between the time that the research is conducted or the paper is written and the time of publication, the author's current affiliation should be listed, and where appropriate, the previous affiliation acknowledged in the Acknowledgments section at the copy editing stage.

Complying with Ethics of Experimentation

Please ensure that all research reported in submitted papers has been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner, and is in full compliance with all relevant codes of experimentation and legislation. All original research papers involving humans, animals, plants, biological material, protected or non-public datasets, collections or sites, must include a written statement under an Ethics Approval section including the following:

  • The name of the ethics committee(s) or institutional review board(s) involved.
  • The number or ID of the ethics approval(s).
  • A statement that human participants have provided informed consent before taking part in the research.
  • Research involving animals must adhere to ethical standards concerning animal welfare. All original research papers involving animals must:
    • Follow international, national, and institutional guidelines for the humane treatment of animals.
    • Receive approval by the ethics review committee at the institution or practice at which the research was conducted and provide details on the approval process, names of the ethics committee(s) or institutional review board(s) involved, and the number or ID of the ethics approval(s) in the Ethics Approval section.
    • Provide justification for use of animals and the species selected.
    • Provide information about housing, feeding, and environmental enrichment, and steps taken to minimize suffering.
    • Provide mode of anesthesia and euthanasia.
Research that does not meet the above-listed requirements regarding ethical approval and animal welfare will be rejected.

Studies involving Humans, Animals, and Plants

For all manuscripts that include details or images relating to an individual person, written informed consent for the publication of these details must be obtained from that person (or their parent or legal guardian in the case of children under 18). The consent must be for publication of their details under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (such that they will be freely available on the internet). If the person has died, consent for publication must be obtained from their next of kin. The manuscript (at the Ethics Approval section) must include a statement that written informed consent for publication was obtained.

Authors can use the consent form to obtain consent for publication, or a consent form from their own institution or region if appropriate. The consent form must state that the details/images will be freely available on the internet and may be seen by the general public. The consent form must be made available to the Editor if requested and will be treated confidentially.

Open Access and Copyright Policy

Every peer-reviewed research article appearing in this journal will be published open access. This means that the article is universally and freely accessible via the internet in perpetuity, in an easily readable format immediately after publication. The author does not have any publication charges for open access. The University of Kerbala will pay to make the article open-access. A CC user license manages the reuse of the article. All articles will be published under the following license:
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)

For non-commercial purposes, it is possible for others to distribute and copy the article, and to include it in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

Conflict of Interests Statement

At the end of the manuscript, a statement related to conflicts of interest must appear listing all competing interests (financial and non-financial). Where authors have no competing interests, the statement should read “The author(s) declare(s) that they have no competing interests”. The Editor may ask for further information relating to competing interests.

Publication Fees

There are no Article Processing Charges (APC) for publication of the journal on all submissions.

Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (see more information on this). Permitted third-party reuse of open-access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license.

Author Rights

As further described in our submission agreement (the Submission Agreement), in consideration for publication of the article, the authors assign to Karbala International Journal of Modern Science all copyright in the article.

User Rights

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

Author Inquiries

If you have concerns about the submission terms for the Karbala International Journal of Modern Science, please contact:

Editor in Chief:

Prof. Dr. Ahmed M. Abdul-Lettif
Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Kerbala, Iraq

Managing Editor:

Prof. Dr. Amir Abdul Ameer Mohammed-Ali
Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Kerbala, Iraq
Email: amir.ali@uokerbala.edu.iq

Executive Editor:

Prof. Dr. Mudar Ahmed Abdulsattar
Ministry of Science and Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
Email: mudarahmed3@yahoo.com